02 May 2012

Retirement: Role Changes / Transitions

Retirement is perhaps one of the most common role changes faced by the ageing. This is an occurrence that either can be planned for and anticipated, may be sudden and unexpected related to illness or injury, or may present along some continuum between the two. Some people find a lack of purpose whereas others feel a new sense of personal freedom and time for activities postponed during busier years. Some people become busy in some kind of social work around them. Persons who retire unwillingly, may be at greater risk for unsuccessful adjustment—including alcoholism, depression, and suicide.

The major transitions after retirement are : Health transition, loss of spouse, role reversal etc. These factors influence independence in later life or life after retirement. Health , personality, state of mind and emotional, physical and spiritual support all have a place in the adjustments one makes to the ageing process.

Although self care and health promotion are indeed important in maintaining independence, ageing and accompanying health factors often make this a very difficult period of life. High functional ability is not absolutely necessary for high quality of life.

—many older people can maintain health through social, intellectual and cultural activities.


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